Uncategorized

8Dec

Scrapping of Planning Commission

Modi announced in his speech that the planning commission will be scrapped and replaced by “Team India” which will undertake a deeper study of the India’s problems and offer solutions with the help of states. Though many of the Chief Ministers agree except a few, the question is whether it would be fruitful or not.

Planning Commission is an institution entrusted with the formulation of five-year plans. No decision is allowed to be taken by states, and there is a centralization of power. I never had a high opinion of the planning commission because of the reputation it made of itself. It formulates “one size fits all” policies and in a developing and democratic country like India; this is something that is unacceptable. Scrapping of Planning Commission would grant power to states because of decentralization of power, and respective states can plan and implement the same on their own. That would increase confidence and viability. Some politicians are in favor of restructuring the Planning Commission which, in fact, leads to an inference that they, acknowledges the poor working of the same and want to restructure it. Why only now? It has been more than 60 years since the enactment of the commission and only when there arise a fear of loss of power; there are opinions to restructure it.

In my opinion, “ maximum governance, minimum government” would rightly fit here and in the coming time, it will increase the effectiveness and simplicity of the administration yielding maximum benefits to the nation.

8Dec

Mars Orbiter Mission

Mission type Mars orbiter
Operator ISRO
COSPAR ID 2013-060A
SATCAT № 39370
Website www.isro.org/mars/home.aspx
Mission duration 6 months (planned)[1]
Spacecraft properties
Bus I-1K[2]
Manufacturer ISAC
Launch mass 1,337 kg (2,948 lb)[3]
Dry mass 500 kg (1,100 lb)
Payload mass 15 kg (33 lb)[4]
Dimensions 1.5-metre (4 ft 11 in) cube
Power 840 watts[2]
Start of mission
Launch date 5 November 2013, 09:08 UTC[5]
Rocket PSLV-XL C25[6]
Launch site Satish Dhawan FLP
Contractor ISRO
Orbital parameters
Reference system Areocentric
Periareon 421.7 km (262.0 mi)[7]
Apoareon 76,993.6 km (47,841.6 mi)[7]
Inclination 150.0° [7]
Period 72 hours 51 minutes 51 seconds[7]
Epoch Planned
Mars orbiter
Orbital insertion 24 September 2014, 02:00 UTC
MSD 50027 06:27 AMT[8]
  • Project Director – M Annadurai
  • ISRO Chairman – K.Radhakrishnan
  • 4th agency to reach Mars after Soviet Space Program, NASA and ESA

 

Challenges Faced

  1. Distance – Target was moving at a rapid pace around the sun and adding to that was unknown of venturing into the space.
  2. Communication – Owing to huge distance (upto 400 million kms), a communication system with low, medium and high gain antenna and other ground antennae was put in place to handle communication which took between 6 to 43 minutes for 2-way communication.
  3. Power – Demand of strong solar panels by the spacecraft. A solar panel was put in place to generate 840W of power in Martian orbit with 36 AH lithium ion attached onboard for power storage.
  4. Protection – Designing the spacecraft to avoid all the the thermal and radiation environments on en route to Mars.

 

Payloads onboard Spacecraft

  1. Mars Color Camera (MCC) – To capture images and composition of Mars, monitoring dynamic events and weather etc.
  2. Methane Sensors – To map the sources of methane in Martian environment.
  3. Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP) – To study the escape process of upper atmosphere as well as water from Mars.
  4. Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer – To map surface composition and mineralogy of Mars based on thermal emissions.
  5. Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyzer (MENCA) – To analyze the neutral composition.
© Copyright 2018, All Rights Reserved